Constructivism, a theory by Jean Piaget, explains the process of learning as a highly personalized experience, in which a learner forms or constructs one’s own interpretations of any new event, which are based on prior experiences.
According to Constructivism, you learn anything new either through
- assimilation – adding the new information to the existing schema (when the new information agrees with your existing knowledge) or through
- accommodation – modifying the existing schema (realizing that the existing knowledge wasn’t right, and hence correcting your prior notions).
How can an instructional designer use this knowledge of the two processes, assimilation and accommodation, to improve the effectiveness of eLearning courses and/or training programs?